A court case or a legal case is a dispute between two parties, which is resolved by a court or an equivalent legal process. Cases are categorised into civil cases or criminal cases, which can be further classified, as per the case law headings, such as employment law, family law or personal injury law cases, to the right of this page. UK cases can be brought in the Scottish Courts, the Courts of England & Wales, or the Courts of Northern Ireland and European Courts hear cases at European level.
The Scottish Courts include the Sheriff Courts, Court of Session, the Supreme Court & the High Court of Justiciary.
Courts of England & Wales include Magistrates' Courts, County Courts, the Crown Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal, the Judicial Committe of the Privy Council and the UK Supreme Court.
The Courts of Northern Ireland include the County Courts, the Crown Court, High Court, Court of Appeal & the UK Supreme Court.
There are other courts which have UK-wide jurisdiction, such as, for immigration law, the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal, or, for employment law, there is a unified system of Employment Tribunals across Scotland and England & Wales (excluding Northern Ireland).
At European level there exists the European Court of Justice, which is not to be confused with the European Court of Human Rights, the Court of the Council of Europe.
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